tag:blogger.com,1999:blog-69387733388315341.comments2018-07-17T12:27:14.247+03:00Chemistry NetK.G.K. (Quality Editions)http://www.blogger.com/profile/18164345508953392426noreply@blogger.comBlogger124125tag:blogger.com,1999:blog-69387733388315341.post-70852943635833048512018-07-17T12:27:14.247+03:002018-07-17T12:27:14.247+03:00I appreciate your work on Data Science. It's s...<br />I appreciate your work on Data Science. It's such a wonderful read on Data Science course. Keep sharing stuffs like this. I am also educating people on similar Data Science training so if you are interested to know more you can watch this Data Science tutorial:-https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gXb9ZKwx29U&t=237sUnknownhttps://www.blogger.com/profile/17434793226891522589noreply@blogger.comtag:blogger.com,1999:blog-69387733388315341.post-51525208050406258922018-07-14T04:16:25.869+03:002018-07-14T04:16:25.869+03:00This was really helpful to students thanks a lot ...This was really helpful to students thanks a lot >|<Unknownhttps://www.blogger.com/profile/04631259170566799363noreply@blogger.comtag:blogger.com,1999:blog-69387733388315341.post-18086088742334135162018-07-13T13:35:16.601+03:002018-07-13T13:35:16.601+03:00Very useful for me Very useful for me Unknownhttps://www.blogger.com/profile/03613351408261612305noreply@blogger.comtag:blogger.com,1999:blog-69387733388315341.post-62454629006065362352018-07-11T15:44:44.762+03:002018-07-11T15:44:44.762+03:00Great post dear. It definitely has increased my kn...Great post dear. It definitely has increased my knowledge on R Programming. Please keep sharing similar write ups of yours. You can check this too for R Programming tutorial as i have recorded this recently on R Programming. and i'm sure it will be helpful to you.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rgFVq_Q6VF0<br />Rahul Kumarhttps://www.blogger.com/profile/12864413490724789167noreply@blogger.comtag:blogger.com,1999:blog-69387733388315341.post-39278591155165918352018-07-05T12:30:57.323+03:002018-07-05T12:30:57.323+03:00Very helpful. Thank you so much. The various effec...Very helpful. Thank you so much. The various effects were actually right and this post has inspired me to try that out. I would really like to see effects of some polar organic solvents. Keep up the good post! <br /><a href="https://enviranef127.efmaterials.com" rel="nofollow">Polar organic solvents</a>Robert Marshhttps://www.blogger.com/profile/15663915704406135798noreply@blogger.comtag:blogger.com,1999:blog-69387733388315341.post-57717929916284017992018-06-18T01:02:44.908+03:002018-06-18T01:02:44.908+03:00I'm usually to running a blog and i actually a...I'm usually to running a blog and i actually admire your content. The article has really peaks my interest. I'm going to bookmark your site and maintain checking for brand spanking new information. <a href="https://online-casinos.us.org" rel="nofollow">online casino gambling</a>Yose Abramovichttps://www.blogger.com/profile/11140186761749280113noreply@blogger.comtag:blogger.com,1999:blog-69387733388315341.post-19589579685561387832018-05-15T10:57:09.789+03:002018-05-15T10:57:09.789+03:00Thanks for sharing this information regarding the ...Thanks for sharing this information regarding the topic of solvent effects. Really useful and understandable. I really like reading this post and I actually enjoyed reading this. Keep sharing this post more and more! <br /><a href="https://www.efmaterials.com/" rel="nofollow">Polar organic solvents</a>Robert Marshhttps://www.blogger.com/profile/15663915704406135798noreply@blogger.comtag:blogger.com,1999:blog-69387733388315341.post-17577068457440417222018-04-19T08:02:36.586+03:002018-04-19T08:02:36.586+03:00This comment has been removed by the author.maalatheiiy vazavanhttps://www.blogger.com/profile/04678012527244542055noreply@blogger.comtag:blogger.com,1999:blog-69387733388315341.post-34721433383768607432018-02-20T05:02:50.638+02:002018-02-20T05:02:50.638+02:00Wow, great post.Wow, great post.Emma Glourhttps://www.blogger.com/profile/13016318328819103801noreply@blogger.comtag:blogger.com,1999:blog-69387733388315341.post-91028101237126559472017-12-29T14:01:48.910+02:002017-12-29T14:01:48.910+02:00New version of ISO 17025:2017 released. Here is ve...New version of ISO 17025:2017 released. Here is very important informatiion to get <a href="http://www.globalmanagergroup.com/iso-17025-2017-consutlancy-documents-training.htm" rel="nofollow">ISO 17025:2017 Accreditation</a> for LaboratoriesMichel Adrienhttps://www.blogger.com/profile/05180925569334264562noreply@blogger.comtag:blogger.com,1999:blog-69387733388315341.post-23789476966575383972017-12-08T19:55:34.089+02:002017-12-08T19:55:34.089+02:00InterestingInterestingAraib Khanhttps://www.blogger.com/profile/06571151345794340194noreply@blogger.comtag:blogger.com,1999:blog-69387733388315341.post-38548518483691760172017-11-27T09:42:02.923+02:002017-11-27T09:42:02.923+02:00Thanks for sharing informative article related to ...Thanks for sharing informative article related to Caramelization in Cooking and appreciate that the content is very well supported by chemical and molecular structures. Sharing following website which will add value to the content and will help people who are looking related to Caramelization.<br /><br />http://www.scienceofcooking.com/caramelization.htm<br />http://bakerpedia.com/processes/caramelization/<br />http://prospect.rsc.org/blogs/cw/2012/11/13/food-chemistry-carnival-the-sweet-gooey-world-of-caramel/<br />http://www.dyespigments.net/Info Source Hubhttps://www.blogger.com/profile/13599934987824500547noreply@blogger.comtag:blogger.com,1999:blog-69387733388315341.post-15865833736923171722017-11-10T06:14:00.573+02:002017-11-10T06:14:00.573+02:00Interesting post.Interesting post.Emma Glourhttps://www.blogger.com/profile/13016318328819103801noreply@blogger.comtag:blogger.com,1999:blog-69387733388315341.post-24323424419992208652017-11-05T23:50:41.182+02:002017-11-05T23:50:41.182+02:00This comment has been removed by the author.Jofree Tulpahttps://www.blogger.com/profile/06592834255042022185noreply@blogger.comtag:blogger.com,1999:blog-69387733388315341.post-23465344625530379942017-11-05T20:47:34.459+02:002017-11-05T20:47:34.459+02:00The present work shows the inapplicability of the ...The present work shows the inapplicability of the Pauli principle to chemical bond, and a new theoretical model of the chemical bond is proposed based on the Heisenberg uncertainty principle.<br /><br />See pp. 88 - 104 Review. Benzene on the Basis of the Three-Electron Bond. (The Pauli exclusion principle, Heisenberg's uncertainty principle and chemical bond). http://vixra.org/pdf/1710.0326v1.pdf<br /><br />Benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond:<br /><br />Review. Benzene on the Basis of the Three-Electron Bond. (The Pauli exclusion principle, Heisenberg's uncertainty principle and chemical bond). http://vixra.org/pdf/1710.0326v1.pdf<br /><br />1. Structure of the benzene molecule on the basis of the three-electron bond. <br />http://vixra.org/pdf/1606.0152v1.pdf<br /><br />2. Experimental confirmation of the existence of the three-electron bond and theoretical basis ot its existence. <br />http://vixra.org/pdf/1606.0151v2.pdf<br /><br />3. A short analysis of chemical bonds.<br />http://vixra.org/pdf/1606.0149v2.pdf<br /><br />4. Supplement to the theoretical justification of existence of the three-electron bond.<br />http://vixra.org/pdf/1606.0150v2.pdf<br /><br />5. Theory of three-electrone bond in the four works with brief comments.<br />http://vixra.org/pdf/1607.0022v2.pdf<br /><br />6. REVIEW. Benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond. http://vixra.org/pdf/1612.0018v5.pdf<br /><br />7. Quantum-mechanical aspects of the L. Pauling's resonance theory.<br />http://vixra.org/pdf/1702.0333v2.pdf<br /><br />8. Quantum-mechanical analysis of the MO method and VB method from the position of PQS. <br />http://vixra.org/pdf/1704.0068v1.pdf<br /><br />9. Review. Benzene on the Basis of the Three-Electron Bond. (The Pauli exclusion principle, Heisenberg's uncertainty principle and chemical bond). http://vixra.org/pdf/1710.0326v1.pdf<br /><br />Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (viXra):http://vixra.org/author/bezverkhniy_volodymyr_dmytrovychVolodymyr Bezverkhniyhttps://www.blogger.com/profile/17457643430470585417noreply@blogger.comtag:blogger.com,1999:blog-69387733388315341.post-80510530908274749112017-11-05T20:43:07.472+02:002017-11-05T20:43:07.472+02:00Heisenberg's uncertainty principle and chemica...Heisenberg's uncertainty principle and chemical bond.<br /><br />See pp. 88-104 Review...http://vixra.org/pdf/1710.0326v1.pdf<br /><br />For further analysis of chemical bond, let us consider the Compton wavelength of an electron:<br /><br />λc.е. = h/(me*c)= 2.4263 * 10^(-12) m<br /><br />...It is more interesting to consider what happens to an electron in a region with linear dimensions smaller than the Compton wavelength of an electron. According to Heisenberg uncertainty in this area, we have a quantum mechanical uncertainty in the momentum of at least m*c and a quantum mechanical uncertainty in the energy of at least me*c^2 :<br /><br />Δp ≥ mе*c and ΔE ≥ me*c^2<br /><br />which is sufficient for the production of virtual electron-positron pairs. Therefore, in such a region the electron can no longer be regarded as a "point object", since it (an electron) spends part of its time in the state "electron + pair (positron + electron)". As a result of the above, an electron at distances smaller than the Compton length is a system with an infinite number of degrees of freedom and its interaction should be described within the framework of quantum field theory...<br /><br />Now we will try to use all the above-mentioned to describe the chemical bond using Einstein's theory of relativity and Heisenberg's uncertainty principle. To do this, let's make one assumption: suppose that the wavelength of an electron on a Bohr orbit (the hydrogen atom) is the same Compton wavelength of an electron, but in another frame of reference, and as a result there is a 137-times greater Compton wavelength (due to the effects of relativity theory)...<br /><br />λb./λc.е.= 137<br /><br />Since the De Broglie wavelength in a hydrogen atom (according to Bohr) is 137 times larger than the Compton wavelength of an electron, it is quite logical to assume that the energy interactions will be 137 times weaker (the longer the photon wavelength, the lower the frequency, and hence the energy ). We note that 1 / 137.036 is a fine structure constant, the fundamental physical constant characterizing the force of electromagnetic interaction was introduced into science in 1916 year by the German physicist Arnold Sommerfeld as a measure of relativistic corrections in describing atomic spectra within the framework of the model of the N. Bohr atom.<br /><br />To describe the chemical bond, we use the Heisenberg uncertainty principle:<br /><br />Δx * Δp ≥ ћ / 2<br /><br />Given the weakening of the energy interaction 137 times, the Heisenberg uncertainty principle can be written in the form:<br /><br />Δx* Δp ≥ (ћ * 137)/2<br /><br />According to the last equation, the quantum mechanical uncertainty in the momentum of an electron in a chemical bond must be at least me * c, and the quantum mechanical uncertainty in the energy is not less than me * c ^ 2, which should also be sufficient for the production of virtual electron-positron pairs. <br /><br />Therefore, in the field of chemical bonding, in this case, an electron can not be regarded as a "point object", since it (an electron) will spend part of its time in the state "electron + pair (positron + electron)", and therefore its interaction should be described in the framework of quantum field theory.<br /><br />This approach makes it possible to explain how, in the case of many-electron chemical bonds (two-electron, three-electron, etc.), repulsion between electrons is overcome: since the chemical bond is actually a "boiling mass" of electrons and positrons, virtual positrons "help" overcome the repulsion between electrons. This approach assumes that the chemical bond is in fact a closed spatial bag (a potential well in the energy sense), in which "boiling" of real electrons and also virtual positrons and electrons occurs, and the "volume" of this potential bag is actually a "volume" of chemical bond and also the spatial measure of the quantum-mechanical uncertainty in the position of the electron...<br /><br />http://vixra.org/author/bezverkhniy_volodymyr_dmytrovychVolodymyr Bezverkhniyhttps://www.blogger.com/profile/17457643430470585417noreply@blogger.comtag:blogger.com,1999:blog-69387733388315341.post-44531115790626073932017-11-05T20:35:57.470+02:002017-11-05T20:35:57.470+02:00The present work shows the inapplicability of the ...The present work shows the inapplicability of the Pauli principle to chemical bond, and a new theoretical model of the chemical bond is proposed based on the Heisenberg uncertainty principle.<br /><br />See pp. 88 - 104 Review. Benzene on the Basis of the Three-Electron Bond. (The Pauli exclusion principle, Heisenberg's uncertainty principle and chemical bond). http://vixra.org/pdf/1710.0326v1.pdf<br /><br />http://vixra.org/author/bezverkhniy_volodymyr_dmytrovych<br /><br />The Pauli exclusion principle and the chemical bond.<br /><br />The Pauli exclusion principle — this is the fundamental principle of quantum mechanics, which asserts that two or more identical fermions (particles with half-integral spin) can not simultaneously be in the same quantum state. <br /><br />Wolfgang Pauli, a Swiss theoretical physicist, formulated this principle in 1925 [1]. In chemistry exactly Pauli exclusion principle often considered as a ban on the existence of three-electron bonds with a multiplicity of 1.5, but it can be shown that Pauli exclusion principle does not prohibit the existence of three-electron bonds. To do this, analyze the Pauli exclusion principle in more detail.<br /><br />According to Pauli exclusion principle in a system consisting of identical fermions, two (or more) particles can not be in the same states [2]. The corresponding formulas of the wave functions and the determinant are given in the reference (this is a standard consideration of the fermion system), but we will concentrate our attention on the derivation: "... Of course, in this formulation, Pauli exclusion principle can only be applied to systems of weakly interacting particles, when one can speak (at least approximately on the states of individual particles) "[2]. That is, Pauli exclusion principle can only be applied to weakly interacting particles, when one can talk about the states of individual particles.<br /><br />But if we recall that any classical chemical bond is formed between two nuclei (this is a fundamental difference from atomic orbitals), which somehow "pull" the electrons one upon another, it is logical to assume that in the formation of a chemical bond, the electrons can no longer be regarded as weakly interacting particles . This assumption is confirmed by the earlier introduced notion of a chemical bond as a separate semi-virtual particle (natural component of the particle "parts" can not be weakly interacting).<br /><br />Representations of the chemical bond given in the chapter "The Principle of Heisenberg's Uncertainty and the Chemical Bond" categorically reject the statements about the chemical bond as a system of weakly interacting electrons. On the contrary, it follows from the above description that in the chemical bond, the electrons "lose" their individuality and "occupy" the entire chemical bond, that is, the electrons in the chemical bond "interact as much as possible", which directly indicates the inapplicability of the Pauli exclusion principle to the chemical bond. Moreover, the quantum-mechanical uncertainty in momentum and coordinate, in fact, strictly indicates that in the chemical bond, electrons are a system of "maximally" strongly interacting particles, and the whole chemical bond is a separate particle in which there is no place for the notion of an "individual" electron, its velocity, coordinate, energy, etc., description. This is fundamentally not true. The chemical bond is a separate particle, called us "semi-virtual particle", it is a composite particle that consists of individual electrons (strongly interacting), and spatially located between the nuclei...<br /><br />1. Pauli W. Uber den Zusammenhang des Abschlusses der Elektronengruppen in Atom mit der Komplexstruktur der Spektren, - Z. Phys., 1925, 31, 765-783.<br /><br />2. A.S. Davydov. Quantum mechanics. Second edition. Publishing house "Science". Moscow, 1973, p. 334.<br /><br />http://vixra.org/author/bezverkhniy_volodymyr_dmytrovych<br />Volodymyr Bezverkhniyhttps://www.blogger.com/profile/17457643430470585417noreply@blogger.comtag:blogger.com,1999:blog-69387733388315341.post-66267565504108138822017-10-22T17:50:11.043+03:002017-10-22T17:50:11.043+03:00Heisenberg's uncertainty principle: Δх * Δр ≥ ...Heisenberg's uncertainty principle: Δх * Δр ≥ ħ/2<br /><br />The Heisenberg's uncertainty principle is correct, moreover, it is fundamental. If the uncertainty principle is incorrect, then all quantum mechanics is incorrect. Heisenberg's justified the ncertainty principle in order to save quantum mechanics. He understood that if it is possible to measure with every accuracy both the coordinate and momentum of a microparticle, then quantum mechanics will collapse, and therefore further justification was already a technical issue. It is the uncertainty principle that prohibits microparticles in quantum mechanics from having a trajectory. If the coordinates of the electron are measured at definite time intervals Δt, then their results do not lie on some smooth curve. On the contrary, the more accurately the measurements are made, the more "jumpy", chaotic the results will be. <br /><br />Heisenberg's formulated the uncertainty principle thus:<br /><br />if you are studying a body and you are able to determine the x-component of a pulse with an uncertainty Δp, then you can not simultaneously determine the coordinate x of the body with an accuracy greater than Δx = h / Δp.<br /><br />It should be immediately said that the Heisenberg uncertainty principle inevitably follows from the particle-wave nature of microparticles (there is a corpuscular-wave dualism is the principle of uncertainty, there is no corpuscle-wave dualism - there is no uncertainty principle, and in principle quantum mechanics, too). <br /><br />We also need to clearly understand that the Heisenberg's uncertainty principle practically prohibits predicting behavior (in the classical sense, since Newton was able to predict the position of the planets), for example, an electron in the future. This means that if the electron is in a state described by the most complete way possible in quantum mechanics, then its behavior at the following moments is fundamentally ambiguous. <br /><br />In the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics (N. Bohr and followers), the uncertainty principle is adopted at the elementary level, and it is in this interpretation that it is believed that this can not be predicted at all by any method. And it was this interpretation that Einstein questioned when he wrote to Max Born: "God does not play dice." To which Niels Bohr, answered: "Einstein, do not tell to God what to do." Einstein was convinced that this interpretation was erroneous. <br /><br />The position of Bohr and Einstein must be viewed as views from different angles of view on one phenomenon (problem), and in the end it may turn out that they are right together. This can be demonstrated by lottery. Despite the fact that theoretically the results of the lottery can be predicted uniquely by the laws of classical mechanics, knowing all the initial conditions (it is necessary only to determine all the forces and perturbations, and to make the necessary calculations), in practice the lottery results are always probabilistic, and only in theory they can be predicted (try win the jackpot :). Even in this simplest case, we will be "inaccessible" to all the initial data for calculations... Moreover, if you think about it, then our world is also probabilistic. It is deterministic only in theory, and practically, in everyday life, we can only predict, for example, tomorrow (or a second, or a year, or 10 years) with a certain probability (who can guarantee the event of tomorrow with 100% probability?). And what is interesting is that only after having lived it (by making a measurement), we can say what probability was realized. Quantum mechanics in action :).<br /><br />More see by link: https://www.quora.com/Is-Heisenbergs-principle-of-uncertainty-wrong/answer/Volodymyr-Bezverkhniy?share=b4884212<br /><br />Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (viXra):http://vixra.org/author/bezverkhniy_volodymyr_dmytrovych<br /><br />Volodymyr Bezverkhniyhttps://www.blogger.com/profile/17457643430470585417noreply@blogger.comtag:blogger.com,1999:blog-69387733388315341.post-1706594998670835352017-10-21T18:28:46.524+03:002017-10-21T18:28:46.524+03:00Benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond:
...Benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond:<br /><br />REVIEW. Benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond (full version, 93 p.). <br />http://vixra.org/pdf/1612.0018v5.pdf<br /><br />1. Structure of the benzene molecule on the basis of the three-electron bond. <br />http://vixra.org/pdf/1606.0152v1.pdf<br /><br />2. Experimental confirmation of the existence of the three-electron bond and theoretical basis ot its existence. <br />http://vixra.org/pdf/1606.0151v2.pdf<br /><br />3. A short analysis of chemical bonds.<br />http://vixra.org/pdf/1606.0149v2.pdf<br /><br />4. Supplement to the theoretical justification of existence of the three-electron bond.<br />http://vixra.org/pdf/1606.0150v2.pdf<br /><br />5. Theory of three-electrone bond in the four works with brief comments.<br />http://vixra.org/pdf/1607.0022v2.pdf<br /><br />6. REVIEW. Benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond (full version, 93 p.). http://vixra.org/pdf/1612.0018v5.pdf<br /><br />7. Quantum-mechanical aspects of the L. Pauling's resonance theory.<br />http://vixra.org/pdf/1702.0333v2.pdf<br /><br />8. Quantum-mechanical analysis of the MO method and VB method from the position of PQS. <br />http://vixra.org/pdf/1704.0068v1.pdf<br /><br />Theoretical justification of three-electron bond with multiplicity of 1.5 which can be explained by the structure of the benzene molecule and many other organic and inorganic compounds.<br />Justification of three-electron bond given here:<br /><br />1. Experimental confirmation of the existence of the three-electron bond and theoretical basis of its existence. pp. 5-7 http://vixra.org/pdf/1606.0151v2.pdf<br /><br />2. Supplement to the theoretical justification of existence of the three-electron bond. pp. 1-7 http://vixra.org/pdf/1606.0150v2.pdf<br /><br />An attempt was made to explain the mechanism of interaction of particles in an entangled quantum state on the basis of a new model of the Interfering Universe. <br />Supplement to the theoretical justification of existence of the three-electron bond. p. 6: http://vixra.org/pdf/1606.0150v2.pdf<br /><br />Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (viXra): http://vixra.org/author/bezverkhniy_volodymyr_dmytrovych<br /><br />The aromatic bond is a three-electron bond in flat cyclic systems with a specific interaction of electrons through the cycle.<br />In benzene formed a new type of chemical bonds - an aromatic bond (C-C), which has a multiplicity of more than 1.5 (1.66) (multiplicity C-C in ethane = 1 and multiplicity C-C in ethylene = 2). It is not correct to provide an aromatic bond as a combination of single and double bond (for simplicity we can) is a new type of chemical bonding that explains the resistance of benzene and chemical properties and other properties in aromatic compounds.<br /><br />Using the concept three-electron bond with multiplicity of 1.5 and take account of the spin of each electron leads to very good results in the description of the benzene molecule and explain the aromaticity in general. With the help of three-electron bond with multiplicity of 1.5 can be represented by a real formula of many organic and inorganic molecules without the aid of virtual structures (actual electron structure of benzene, explain specificity of the aromatic bond, calculate the delocalization energy).<br /><br />It was shown, that functional relation y = a + b/x + c/x^2 fully describes dependence of energy and multiplicity of chemical bond on bond distance (multiplicity = f(L) and Е = f(L), where multiplicity is multiplicity of bond, L – length of bond in Å, Е – energy of bond in kj/mole, C-N, C-O, C-S, N-N, N-O, O-O, C-P). Using these dependences it is possible to calculate chemical bound energy by different bond distance or different multiplicity of chemical bond, that makes possible to calculate delocalization energy of benzene molecule.<br />Hückel rule (4n + 2) for aromatic systems can be written in a different form, in the form of 2n where n - unpaired number. So, we have: 2, 6, 10, 14, 18, etc. This is also true for the electron shells in the atom and aromatic systems. The principle of the interaction of fermions always one, everywhere.<br /><br />Volodymyr Bezverkhniyhttps://www.blogger.com/profile/17457643430470585417noreply@blogger.comtag:blogger.com,1999:blog-69387733388315341.post-70771168067343702272017-09-22T11:50:24.284+03:002017-09-22T11:50:24.284+03:00I'm confused, I thought there would be 18 elec...I'm confused, I thought there would be 18 electrons not 16, there is a negative charge of 2, thus there are 2 extra electrons? In which case there would be a single bond and a double bond, along with a lone pair. No?Yorkiris Marmolhttps://www.blogger.com/profile/14695898048100395515noreply@blogger.comtag:blogger.com,1999:blog-69387733388315341.post-23153788983411700702017-09-09T16:56:38.153+03:002017-09-09T16:56:38.153+03:00This is wonderful blog. All the articles are worth...This is wonderful blog. All the articles are worth reading here. Hope you would like to read <a href="http://csit.merospark.com/fifth-semester/the-kolmogorov-smirnov-test-testing-uniformity-in-randomness-bsc-csit/" rel="nofollow">Kolmogorov Smirnov Test</a>Digvijay Chaudharyhttps://www.blogger.com/profile/12960107704461202365noreply@blogger.comtag:blogger.com,1999:blog-69387733388315341.post-13756451329109641462017-04-10T20:12:33.836+03:002017-04-10T20:12:33.836+03:00Thanks. It was very helpful Thanks. It was very helpful Abhisek Gamangohttps://www.blogger.com/profile/00312323704718256160noreply@blogger.comtag:blogger.com,1999:blog-69387733388315341.post-65758271217245881492017-04-09T12:10:39.659+03:002017-04-09T12:10:39.659+03:00Quantum-mechanical analysis of the MO method and V...Quantum-mechanical analysis of the MO method and VB method from the position of PQS.<br />http://vixra.org/pdf/1704.0068v1.pdf<br /><br />The MO method and the VB method are analyzed using the principle of quantum superposition (PQS) and the method of describing a quantum system consisting of several parts. It is shown that the main assumption of the molecular orbitals method (namely, that the molecular orbital can be represented like a linear combination of overlapping atomic orbitals) enters into an insurmountable contradiction with the principle of quantum superposition. It is also shown that the description of a quantum system consisting of several parts (adopted in quantum mechanics) actually prohibits ascribe in VB method to members of equation corresponding canonical structures.<br /><br />Using the quantum superposition principle, the MO method and the VB method were analyzed and it is shown that they are in contradiction with quantum mechanics. Also, using the quantum-mechanical description of a system consisting of several parts, it is shown that the attribution of canonical structures to the members of the equation is incorrect. Therefore, both the MO method and the VB method did not describe molecules with chemical bonds but actually, a lot of atoms (of which the described molecules consisted). That is, in the quantum chemical calculations, the chemical bond was "lost". Therefore, in order to "introduce" a chemical bond into calculations and avoid conflict with quantum mechanics, it is suggested to postulate the existence of MO as a new fundamental quality that describes a specific chemical bond and is not derived from simpler structural elements.<br /> <br />Quantum-mechanical analysis of the MO method and VB method from the position of PQS:<br />http://vixra.org/pdf/1704.0068v1.pdfVolodymyr Bezverkhniyhttps://www.blogger.com/profile/17457643430470585417noreply@blogger.comtag:blogger.com,1999:blog-69387733388315341.post-38974155264892261692017-03-21T22:24:00.373+02:002017-03-21T22:24:00.373+02:00Thank you! Was very useful. Helped alot! �� Thank you! Was very useful. Helped alot! �� Chrishmal Pererahttps://www.blogger.com/profile/08760240054901354205noreply@blogger.comtag:blogger.com,1999:blog-69387733388315341.post-4234237064959860672017-03-19T12:58:53.590+02:002017-03-19T12:58:53.590+02:00V. 2.
Quantum-mechanical aspects of the L. Pauling...V. 2.<br />Quantum-mechanical aspects of the L. Pauling's resonance theory.<br />http://vixra.org/pdf/1702.0333v2.pdfVolodymyr Bezverkhniyhttps://www.blogger.com/profile/17457643430470585417noreply@blogger.com