Simple Procedure for writing Lewis Structures – Example #1 | Chemistry Net

# Simple Procedure for writing Lewis Structures – Example #1

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A simple procedure for writing Lewis structures is given in a previous articleTD entitled “Lewis Structures and the Octet Rule”.
Examples for writing Lewis structures following the above procedure are givenDTD bellow:

Consider the case of ozone O3 . Ozone is a very reactive gas, and even at low concentrations it is irritating and toxic. Event though it represents only a tiny fraction of the atmosphere is crucial for life on earth. Let us draw the Lewis Structures for ozone:

Step1: The central atom will be one of the oxygen atoms.  Connect the 3 atoms with single bonds

O – O – O

Step 2: Calculate the # of electrons in π bonds (pi bonds, multiple bonds) using formula (1) in the article entitled “Lewis Structures and the Octet Rule”.

Where n in this case is 3 since O3 consists of three atoms
Where V = (6 + 6 + 6 )  = 18
Therefore, P = 6n + 2 – V = 6 * 3 + 2 – 18 = 2      So  there are 2 π electrons (pi electrons) in O3   and therefore 1 double   bond must be added to the structure of Step 1.

Step 3 & 4:  The 2 atoms are joined together with a double bond . Therefore the Lewis structure for O3 is as follows:

﻿﻿﻿ Figure 1: Lewis structures for O3. There are two equivalent resonance structures so in the molecule the bond between the O atoms is something between a double and a single bond. This fact has been proved experimentally